Periodontics: Gum Disease, Gingivitis, Periodontitis, Gum Recession, Gum Health Maintenance
Periodontics is a branch of dentistry that focuses on the health of the gums, jawbone, and other supporting structures of the teeth. Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common condition that affects many adults worldwide. It is caused by the buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth, which can lead to inflammation and infection of the gums. If left untreated, gum disease can cause tooth loss and other serious health problems.
There are two main types of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease and is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. It is caused by the buildup of plaque on the teeth, which can be removed by regular brushing and flossing. However, if gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis.
Periodontitis is a more advanced form of gum disease that can cause irreversible damage to the gums, jawbone, and other supporting structures of the teeth. It is characterized by the formation of pockets between the teeth and gums, which can become infected with bacteria. This can lead to bone loss, tooth loss, and other serious health problems.
Gum recession is another common problem that can occur as a result of gum disease. It is characterized by the loss of gum tissue around the teeth, which can expose the roots of the teeth and make them more vulnerable to decay and other problems.
Maintaining good gum health is essential for overall oral health and well-being. This includes regular brushing and flossing, as well as regular visits to the dentist for professional cleanings and checkups. However, if you are experiencing symptoms of gum disease, it is important to seek professional help as soon as possible.
A periodontist is a dental specialist who is trained to diagnose and treat gum disease and other problems affecting the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. They can provide a range of treatments to help restore gum health and prevent further damage, including scaling and root planing, gum grafts, and dental implants.
Scaling and root planing is a non-surgical treatment that involves deep cleaning of the teeth and gums to remove plaque and tartar buildup. This can help to reduce inflammation and promote healing of the gums.
Gum grafts are a surgical treatment that involves taking tissue from other parts of the mouth and using it to replace lost gum tissue. This can help to protect the roots of the teeth and prevent further gum recession. Learn more.
Dental implants are a permanent solution for missing teeth that involve placing a small titanium post into the jawbone to support a replacement tooth. They can help to prevent further bone loss and restore function to the mouth.
In conclusion, gum disease is a serious condition that can lead to tooth loss and other health problems if left untreated. Maintaining good gum health is essential for overall oral health and well-being, and seeking professional help from a periodontist is important if you are experiencing symptoms of gum disease. They can provide a range of treatments to help restore gum health and prevent further damage, including scaling and root planing, gum grafts, and dental implants. So, it is recommended to consult with a periodontist for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan rather than trying to do this themselves. Next article.